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Report of School Committee
Dr. Charles H. Reed, Chairman - - Term expires 1933
George L. Mead, Secretary - - Term expires 1935
Leslie B. Coombs - Term expires 1934
Regular meetings of the Committee are held the first
Wednesday of each month at 8.00 P. M.
J. Harding Armstrong - Superintendent
Office, High School. Tel. 400
Office Hours: Monday, Wednesday and Thursday, 3 to 4 P. M.
Residence, 11 Church St. Tel. 446
Dr. Walter F. Mahoney - School Physician
Residence, 41 South St. Tel. 122
Mrs. Violet B. Wynott - School Nurse
James H. Higgins — Attendance Officer and Census Enumerator
Residence, 21 Beach St. Tel. 365-3
SCHOOL CALENDAR — 1932
Winter term, Jan. 3-Feb. J 7; Spring terms, Feb. 27-April 14
and April 24-June 23; Fall term, Sept. 6-Dec. 22
School Holidays — New Year's Day, Good Friday, Memorial
Day, Columbus Day, Armistice Day, Thanksgiving
Day and the following Friday
NO SCHOOL SIGNAL
The signal is 1-2-3 on the Westboro fire alarm, given three
times. When sounded at 7.30 it means no morning or after-
noon session for all schools; at 8 o'clock, no morning session
for first six grades only; at 11.30, no afternoon session for all
schools; at 11.45, no afternoon session for first six grades only.
Westborough, Mass., Dec. 31, 1932.
To the Residents op Westborough:
The School Committee has the honor to submit the fol-
lowing report for the year ending December 31, 1932.
It is gratifying to be able to report concerning the in-
valuable progress accomplished in the health of the children
of the town. This result has been secured through a reali-
zation, by our people, that progress in mental education is
governed by the physical condition of the child. For many
generations the subject of health was not considered of suf-
ficient importance in relation to mental education to merit
a place in the curriculum, but today it occupies the
The fact is indisputable that a child must enjoy normal
health in order to hold the pace with healthy children
through the long strain of from five to eight hours per day
for forty weeks, over a period of twelve years during which
time every minute is utilized. Those who have labored in
the mental education of your children need not be told of
the mental sufferngs in child-life 'where disease, defects, de-
formities, and violations of simple rules of health have been
the cause. The people of Westborough have come to the
full realization that time and money expended on the un-
fortunate, afflicted child who is expending his energy to the
last ounce in a vain attempt to keep up with his fellow stu-
dents, is not wasted nor is it a "FAD."
Each and every child in your town, whether of school
age or not, is now offered the benefits of a sound body
which the combined forces of our physicians, nurses, Wor-
cester County hospitals, local dentists, food authorities,
milk producers, local organizations and individuals are
making possible by giving of their time, money and sup-
port. Ever watchful of the health of your child during
the sessions are the nurse and the teachers. At stated in-
tervals a searching examination is made for abnormal con-
ditions such as defects, deformities, infections or improper
diet. When any is found the latest methods are utilized
in correcting it and the child is trained to use these meth-
ods. Prizes are offered to keep up the interest and com-
petition is strong. A record of each child is carefully kept
showing the progress of his development, and these records
are filed and open to public inspection.
It has been the aim of your committee to give to every
Westborough child an opportunity to acquire an equal
mental education, and this result can only be accomplished
by building up the unsound bodies in order that they may
compete with the strong and healthy. The physical wel-
fare of your children is at all times under the direction of
the School Physician who is ready and willing to give
counsel, advice, or information.
It is hoped that our people will not confound our health
measures or physical instruction with competitive athletics,
for the former only fits the child for the latter. Physical
education is participated in by every child in our schools,
while athletics require but five, nine or eleven for a short
Each of your school buildings is at present in perfect re-
pair. There is no economic reason why they should not be
kept so. To preserve your high school it should receive a
coat of paint inside and out during the next two years.
During the past year the walls and ceilings of the Eli
Whitney building have been renewed, but the burlap finish
on the stairways must be treated the present year, or the
town will be under great expense to replace it. The heat-
ing and ventilating plant is working to perfection, as are
the new toilets. Live steam is forced into the hot air before
it enters the classrooms, which results in a humidified at-
mosphere promoting health, vigor and comfort when the
thermostats are set as low as 68 degrees.
The Harvey building has received repairs that have ex-
cluded rain-water, which has been seeping in since the
building was erected fifty years ago. The heating plant
now requires one-third less fuel, by reason of utilizing
present day methods of heating and ventilating.
Your Committee takes pleasure in complimenting the
artisans of the town for the interest shown and for the high
quality of workmanship exhibited in the preservation of
Following is the report of the Superintendent and a
summary of the expenditures for the year 1932, a detailed
statement of which may be found in the report of the
FINANCIAL SUMMARY FOR 193 2
Appropriation for 1932 $64,500 00
Expenses of School Committee 394 00
Supt. of Schools — Salary and other
expenses 2,176 82
Supervisors $1,500 00
Principals 2,200 00
Teachers — High School 15,8 76 3 7
Teachers — Elementary 24,009 15
High School $563 73
Elementary 478 30
Stationery and Supplies:
High School $572 71
Elementary 758 27
High School $1,670 64
Elementary 2,474 72
High School $539 01
Elementary 1,101 38
High School $667 65
Elementary 732 47
High School $226 16
Elementary 721 53
Library 61 00
Health 863 36
Transportation 6,109 60
Tuition 79 05
Miscellaneous 110 00
New Equipment 603 18
Total Expenditures $64,489 10
CREDITS FOR 1932
From State — on account of teachers' salaries $7,266 66
Tuition — Mass. Training School pupils 163 85
Tuition — Non-residents 106 64
Reunds 85 77
Rentals- — Auditorium and gymnasium 48 00
Manual training receipts 41 80
Miscellaneous— telephone, tickets, fines, etc 45 65
TRADE SCHOOL ACCOUNT
Appropriation for 1932 $1,600 00
Expended for tuition $1,555 08
Balance, Dec. 31, 1932 44 92
Reimbursed by the State 861 36
Net cost of Trade School Tuition $738 64
Total expenditures for schools $64,489 10
State reimbursements, refunds and receipts paid
to the Treasurer 7,758 37
Net cost of the schools $56,730 73
CHARLES H. REED, Chairman.
GEORGE L. MEAD,
LESLIE B. COOMBS,
The School Committee.
Report of Superintendent of Schools
To the Westborough School. Committee:
As we survey the activities of our schools for the year
1932 it is a satisfaction to find that despite a substantial
reduction in our appropriation there has been no measur-
able loss in the efficiency of the system. Because of the ex-
cellent condition of the school plant and teaching equip-
ment it has been possible to make the economies necessary
to keep within the budget without limiting the school fa-
cilities. The teachers and other employees of the depart-
ment have cooperated heartily in an earnest attempt to
eliminate waste and to carry on their work with the lowest
Further than this, the teachers volunteered to pay for
substitutes employed during absences because of illness and
from the funds contributed for this purpose paid out $216
which would otherwise have been expended by the town.
The teachers and janitors also gave a day's pay to the Un-
employment Committee which was active during the spring.
In addition the teachers raised a Relief Fund which was
used by the School Nurse to assist families in need. These
activities indicate clearly the helpful spirit which exists
among the employees of the department and they are to be
commended for giving aid so freely.
In these days of economic stress there has been a general
attack on school expenditures and comparisons have been
made with costs of an earlier period, indicating that schools
are now very extravagantly managed. Very few persons
take the trouble to study this problem carefully and conse-
quently there is a great deal of misunderstanding regard-
ing the actual conditions.
There are many causes which have led to these increased
expenditures, some of the most important of which are en-
tirely beyond the control of the school authorities. Three
of the most important factors are the following : —
1. Depreciation of the dollar.
2. Increased attendance.
3. Improvements in Educational Service.
The purchasing power of the dollar varies greatly at dif-
ferent times and comparisons of costs must take this fact
into account. Because of these fluctuations a dollar in 1930
was worth only about 63% as much as it was worth in 1914.
To put it another way, it cost about $1.59 in 1930 to buy
as much as a dollar would buy inl914. In 1930 the ex-
penditures for schools in Westboro was $68,141.16, with one
exception the largest sum ever used. This is equivalent in
actual value to $42,928.93 in 1914, which is $25,112.23 less
than the amount expended.
While Westboro has not had the great increase in en-
rollment experienced by many communities there has been
a growth in school membership from 719 in 1914 to 852 this
year, a gain of 133 or 18%. However, most of this increase
has been in the high school which has grown from 155 in
1914 to 242, a gain of 87 or 56 %.
This large growth of the high school is due to changed
economic and social conditions which have made it im-
perative for the school authorities to retain in the schools
and so under its good influences many boys and girls who
otherwise would be spending much of their time in places
pf doubtful moral value.
Most of the increase in the school expenditures the past
few years has been made to provide proper educational fa-
cilities for the training of this larger group of young people
who are continuing through high school.
In this connection it is of interest to note that during the
past year working certificates were given to only 48 per-
sons and that only two persons under 16 years of age are
not attending school.
Since 1914 there have been many improvements in the
educational service rendered by the schools. These have
come about for a variety of reasons, but among the most im-
portant are the following: — 1. The establishment of high-
er standards in all phases of education by the leaders of
the profession. 2. The passage of various laws requiring
the extension of school activities. 3. The provision of
better buildings and other school facilities by the local com-
munities. 4. The changing character of the school popu-
lation, especially that of the high school.
All these factors have materially influenced the develop-
ment of the schools here in Westboro and have led to the
improvements listed below.
1. The number of pupils per teacher has been reduced.
2. Standards of work in the various grades and subjects
has been improved.
3. A beautiful high school building has been erected and
4. The old buildings still in use have had several of their
important facilities recently modernized.
5. A greater variety of instructional material has been
provided the teachers and pupils.
6. New and more effective methods of instruction have
7. A special class has been established for the individual
instruction of retarded children.
8. New academic courses have been added to the Junior
and Senior High School programs.
9. Manual Arts and Household Arts have been estab-
lished in the Junior and Senior High Schools.
10. Health and safety education have become an im-
portant part of the elementary school program.
11. A half-time school nurse has been employed.
12. A well-rounded program of physical education for
all pupils has been established.
13. Valuable student activities outside the regular high
school program are carried on with the assistance of the
14. Opportunity for study under supervision has been
given high school pupils by the addition of a 7th period at
the close of the regular session.
That this expansion in the school program has been made
with a reasonable expenditure of money is indicated by
comparisons of the cost of education in Westborough with
that in the state as a whole and in neighboring communities.
The first table shows a comparison of our per pupil ex-
penditures for the school year 1931-32 by major divisions
of the school budget with the average per-pupil expendi-
tures made by the 83 towns of over 5000 population and
the 108 towns of less than 5000 population which have
high schools of their own.
Towns over Towns under
Westboro 5000 5000
General Control $3.28 $3.22 $4.63
Salaries 53.58 63.69 56.30
Textbooks and Supplies 2.95 4.36 4.47
Operation — Fuel, Janitors ... 8.88 10.22 11.15
Repairs 2.20 2.90 2.89
Libraries 24 .15 .08
Health 1.14 1.51 1.69
Transportation 7.80 3.36 10.58
Tuition 02 .55 .42
Miscellaneous 22 .77 1.02
A comparison of these figures indicates clearly that almost
all of our expenditures are below the average of the other
COMPARISON OF PER PUPIL COSTS FOR SCHOOL YEAR
Towns with Same
Towns of Same Property Valuation
Westboro No. 4
Of the 22 different towns listed in these three tables,
thirteen have a per pupil expenditure greater than $80.35,
the Westboro cost, and nine expend less per pupil. Not
one of these nine towns has a modern high school building
like ours. Those towns which have high school facilities
comparable to those furnished here in Westboro all have
a per pupil cost considerably larger than ours.
Surely these facts make it evident that the expansion of
our schools has been carried on in a reasonably economical
maimer and that our boys and girls are receiving more for
every school dollar expended than are those residing in
most towns which may be properly compared with West-
Another phase of this problem to which little attention
is given is the cost of instruction in the various high school
subjects. Many people in the community are of the im-
pression that some of the newer subjects which have been
introduced are more expensive than the older subjects, but
such is not the case. The per pupil cost is determined
largely by the number of pupils in the various classes and
while these vary in size from year to year the figures in the
following table based on the classes as organized at the
opening of school in September are a fair basis for a com-
parison of the cost of instruction which is by far the larg-
est factor in the total school expenditure.
PER PUPIL COSTS OF DIFFERENT SUBJECTS
Typewriting I *
U. S. History
Ad. Mech. Draw
THE CARDINAL OBJECTIVES OF EDUCATION
While the foregoing presentation of the problem of the
costs of education shows that our expenditures are reason-
able as compared with other communities throughout the
state, yet the thoughtful citizen realizes that there has been
a considerable increase in the total cost of the schools and
he has the right to know what the town is getting in return
for this additional expenditure.
It was with the thought of picturing to the citizens in a
concrete way the expansion of our educational services that
the Junior-Senior High School teachers prepared a special
program for American Education Week in which was
demonstrated the wide variety of activities going on in the
school. This demonstration was based on the material pre-
sented in the following pages.
Within the past 25 years there has been a great change
in the scope of public education. The number of children
in the high schools has increased very greatly and to meet
the needs and abilities of this larger group the program of
studies has been gradually extended.
At the same time educational leaders have come to realize
the necessity of making more definite the objectives of the
schools. After a careful analysis of the conditions of mod-
ern society over a period of years a group of objectives has
been set up which has now become accepted throughout the
country and it is acknowledged that no school system can
adequately train its pupils to meet life today unless it con-
sciously attempts to attain these objectives.
A statement of these objectives and the activities through
which they are being carried out, particularly in the Jr.-Sr.
High School, should aid parents and ctizens in obtaining a
broader view of the work of the Westboro schools.
One of the most important objectives of the modern
school is the training which it gives in the fundamental life
factor of Health.
The most important things which our schools are doing
are as follows: —
Annual physical examinations by the school physician.
Follow up work by the school nurse to secure the correc-
tion of defects discovered by the physical examination.
First aid service for emergency cases such as bruises,
cuts, etc., incurred during the school session.
Protection against the spread of contagious disease by
control of suspicious cases through the school nurse and
Special attention to undernourished children by provid-
ing milk and through visits of the school nurse to the homes.
Definite instruction regarding food values, proper diet
and similar problems through the classes in science and
Instruction and training in proper health habits — es-
pecially as regards food, cleanliness, exercise, and rest.
Development of physical control and skill by regular
class instruction in physical activities for all pupils.
Special training in a wide variety of athletic sports for
those girls and boys desiring to participate.
2. Worthy Home Membership
The home is one of the fundamental units of society and
our school trains the boys and girls to understand the
value of a home and to appreciate their responsibility in
connection with it.
The following activities are related to this purpose of
the school: —
Lessons in the civics course on the home as a social in-
Instruction in house planning, furnishing, and decora-
tion in the household arts courses.
Teaching of fundamentals of cooking and sewing to all
the girls in the school.
Through the shop work, training of all the boys in the
proper use of tools so that they are able to make home re-
Development through the work in drawing of an appre-
ciation of color, proportion and beauty as essential factors
in a home.
Courses in science which emphasize the scientific facts
connected with the equipment and utensils used in a mod-
Teaching of the importance of thrift, the keeping of
simple accounts, and the chief economic principles, all of
which are fundamental factors in home life.
3. Mastery of the Tools, Technics and
Spirit of Learning
With the addition of many new activities to the pro-
gram of the modern school this still remains one of its
That it is today the center of our school life is evidenced
by these facts.
Every week in the Jr.-Sr. High program are held the
following classes in which pupils are being trained in the
fundamentals of the various subjects.
Mathematics 25 English 29 Penmanship 7
Foreign Languages 7 Science 5
History and Civics 17
Pupils are given training in the best methods of study
and the use of reference books of all kinds.
Development of skill in clear, logical thinking is part
of the training in all classes.
Insistence upon the use of correct spoken and written
English is emphasized throughout the school.
Thorough training is given in those fundamentals re-
quired for admission to college, which made it possible for
nine members of the Class of 1932 to enter seven different
colleges this fall without examinations.
4. Vocational and Economic Effectiveness
The school recognizes that it must give its pupils train-
ing which will assist them in making a wise choice of a vo-
cation and also give them an opportunity to develop some
of the fundamental skills needed for the chosen occupation.
It is accomplishing these two objects in a variety of ways.
All 8th grade pupils have one lesson a week in Voca-
tions, a study of the chief occupations and the abilities and
training required for success in each.
The principal holds individual and group conferences
with many pupils, particularly seniors, to assist them in
making vocational choices.
The selection of courses is carefully supervised to be
sure that each pupil is taking the subjects best suited to
In the following subjects the pupils are given definite
training in skills necessary for vocational success :
Commercial — Stenography and typewriting — 2 years
Manual — Woodworking and mechanical drawing. Cook-
ing and Sewing. Freehand drawing.
5. Faithful Citizenship
The duties of citizenship must be assumed by all of our
pupils, hence the school must give such training as is need-
ed to fit them for these responsibilities. In our school we
are attempting to do this through the following means: —
Through the study of history the pupils gain a knowledge
of the conditions under which our country was formed and
Courses in civics teach the forms of our government —
federal, state and local and especially emphasize the duties
Courses in science, mathematics and English present sub-
ject matter which has a direct bearing on efficient citizen-
Through the life of the school the pupils learn to work
with others under the guidance of competent leaders and
so develop the spirit of cooperation.
The various school organizations give the pupils oppor-
tunity to develop qualities of leadership and to acquire
skill in planning and executing a wide variety of activities.
The discipline of the school is handled in such a way as
to train the pupils in self-reliance and self-control under
all conditions, making the conduct choices the result of
personal decisions rather than forced from above, thus
developing the spirit of true citizenship.
Respect for personal and property rights is inculcated
through definite instruction and individual experiences.
Development of a high standard of school citizenship as
evidenced by the present condition of our school building
after six years of use.
6. Wise Use of Leisure Time
Under present conditions the proper use of leisure time
is an important factor in the life of every citizen. The
program of the school presents many opportunities for de-
veloping permanent interests which will be the basis for
leisure time activities.
All pupils are taught to appreciate good literature and
through a plan for required reading are encouraged to de-
velop a permanent interest in reading.
Through the activities of the physical education depart-
ment the pupils gain skill and interest in all sorts of games
which are the basis for healthful reereation in later life.
Pupils having special ability along artistic lines are en-
couraged through the drawing classes to develop their skill
as a means of making good use of leisure hours.
The school orchestra and special classes in instrumental
music aid the pupils to develop skill in the use of musical
instruments and encourage a permanent interest in play-
The lessons in music appreciation given as part of the
instruction in music train the pupils to recognize good
music and seek to develop a lasting interest in it as a
7. Ethical Character
The highest outcome of all education is the qualities of
character which it helps its pupils to develop. Much of
this work is done indirectly, yet with all good teachers it
is a conscious objective no matter what subject is being
This training is being given in a variety of ways.
High standards of conduct in all phases of school life are
set up and maintained by the school faculty.
Through the study of literary and historical characters
elements of character resulting in success or failure and
in right or wrong conduct are discussed in the English
and history classes.
Problems of conduct are frequently presented at the
school assemblies and sometimes furnish the basis for class
Conferences by the teachers and principal with pupils
who have committed disciplinary offences are effective in
aiding them to overcome weaknesses of character.
Certain qualities of character are developed by giving
pupils an opportunity to participate in the management
of the school and its various activities.
Such fundamental qualities of character as honesty,
obedience, ambition, loyalty, perseverance and purity are
constantly emphasized in all school relationships.
The work of the schools has been carried on with its
usual effectiveness and a brief statement of some of the
special accomplishments should be of interest.
Special recognition was given to the Washington Bi-
centennial Celebration by public programs and class work.
In February an excellent portrayal of the chief events in
Washington's life was given by the Junior High School
pupils in the form of a cantata accompanied by a series of
Washington tableaux. As a combined history and art pro-
ject the 7th and 8th grade pupils made bicentennial book-
lets which were most interesting. The graduation pro-
gram of the! senior class was based on Washington's career
and its presentation was well received.
American Education Week a greater effort than usual
was made to bring the parents and citizens in touch with
the schools. The usual Eli Whitney evening session was
held and at the high school the special program already
described was presented. One afternoon the Teachers'
Club gave a reception and tea to the parents and citizens
at which time they had an opportunity to meet the teachers
and to inspect the drawings and the other school work
which had been placed on exhibition. This event was
largely attended and proved very successful in every way.
All pupils collected their school papers over a period of
several weeks and put them together in booklets which
were taken home for the inspection of the parents. Special
material dealing with the relation of parents to the schools
was prepared and sent to the homes.
The transportation equipment for the schools has been
put on the highest possible basis by the purchase of new
school busses by all the men holding contracts. These con-
form to the new state requirements and furnish our pupils
adequate and comfortable facilities at a reasonable cost.
The men are to be commended for their cooperation with
the committee in the improvement of this service which is
now second to none.
At the annual town meeting the amount appropriated
for schools was $4,000 less than the sum which had been
appropriated the two previous years, or a reduction of
nearly 6%. To meet this situation the budget was ad-
justed at once and by careful expenditure of all funds the
year has been finished with a small balance. Considerable
was saved from the amount appropriated for salaries by
discontinuing in September the services of a part time
teacher in the high school who was transferred to the Eli
Whitney School to take the place of a teacher who re-
signed, and also by the action of the teachers in assuming
the responsibility for the payment of substitutes. Adjust-
ments in the bus routes at the opening of school in Sep-
tember also effected important savings. However, the
largest amounts were saved by reducing the expenditures
for supplies, fuel, operation expenses, repairs and new
equipment. The following figures indicate clearly the ef-
fectiveness of this policy.
1930 1931 1932 Savings
Supplies $2,104.78 $2,181.24 $1,305.06 $876.18
Fuel 2,118.34 2,011,72 1,640.39 371.33
penses 2,100.53 1,964.83 1,539.29 425.54
Repairs and New
Equipment 3,077.13 2,817.78 1,581.79 1,235.99
Realizing that because of the continuance of unfavorable
business conditions further reductions in the school appro-
priation is imperative the budget has been prepared earlier
than usual in order that the necessary adjustments may be
made with the opening of the fiscal year 1933. With the
cooperation of the employees who have signified their will-
ingness to contribute 10% of their salaries to the town, it
is expected that the budget for next year can be reduced
about $7,000, which will make the total appropriation 16%
less than that of 1931.
To carry on the school work effectively with this large
decrease in the available funds will be very difficult and
further reductions will seriously interfere with the present
program. We have reached the point where additional
economies will make it necessary to reduce the educational
opportunities now offered our boys and girls and such ac-
tion would not only be unjust to them but would in the
long run be a serious loss to the community as a whole.
It is earnestly hoped that all citizens, but especially the
parents, will give the problem of school expenditures their
most earnest consideration and cooperate with the school
officials in maintaining our school system on its present
high level of efficiency. The point of view with which we
should face this problem was most effectively stated by
President Hoover in a recent address.
"Our nation faces the acute responsibility of providing
a right-of-way for the American child. In spite of our
economic, social and government difficulties, our future
citizens must be built up now. We may delay other prob-
lems, but we cannot delay the day-to-day care and instruc-
tion of our children.
' ' Our government forces have grown unevenly and along
with our astounding national development. We are now
forced to make decisions on the merits of the various ex-
penditures. But in the rigid governmental economies that
are requisite everywhere we must not encroach upon the
schools or reduce the opportunity of the child through the
school to develop adequate citizenship. There is no safety
for our republic without the education of our youth. That
is the first charge upon all citizens and local governments/ '
For the hearty cooperation of your committee and all
the employees of the department in the successful solution
of the problems of the past year I am most appreciative.
J. HARDING ARMSTRONG.
Report of School Physician
In September 1932 the usual physical examination of
all the pupils- in the Westboro schools was conducted. The
outstanding feature in this examination revealed the fact
that the dental work performed on the pupils was evidently
neglected. This of course should be rectified during the com-
ing year if possible. The tonsil and adenoid cases, how-
ever, had been given proper attention.
During the year we were confronted with an epidemic
of Scarlet Fever. Thirty-four cases developed in a short
period of time, but the epidemic was soon arrested by daily
examinations of all pupils and in view of the fact that we
had a total school population of 826 children, these thirty-
four cases represented a small percentage developing the
I feel the average taxpayer does not realize the amount
of work carried on each school year by the medical depart-
ment. For instance, 205 children received the Schick Test
against diphtheria, which means that 615 injections of
toxin-antitoxin were given over a period of three weeks.
There were 412 house calls made 1 by the school nurse and
793 letters sent to parents notifying them as to defects
found in their children. The results of these examinations
are on record in our card system covering a period of years
and are very satisfactory in most cases.
I still maintain the pupils of the Westboro schools are
at present in as good physical condition as can be found
in any other public schools.
WALTER F. MAHONEY,
Report of School Nurse
The usual health work was carried on during 1932. In
September each pupil received a thorough physical ex-
amination, all defects were recorded and notices of these
were sent home to be followed by home visits. There is
much dental work to be done, and many enlarged or dis-
eased tonsils which should be removed, as they retard the
health and ability of the child to do his best work at school
Nutrition work was followed up along different lines,
underweight children receiving monthly weighing and
talks. Nutrition talks were given in the classrooms. Dr.
Zacks, from the State Department of Public Health, ex-
amined several children who are being closely watched fol-
lowing the Chadwick Clinic for tuberculosis held at the
High School several years ago. Six children had X-ray
pictures taken at the Milford hospital and all were found to
be improving. Under the auspices of the Dairy Council
all grades were given a nutrition talk, demonstrated by
lantern slide pictures on the subject. The Kiwanis Club
supplied many with the mid-morning milk throughout the
school year as before, the milk being given to those under-
nourished and much improvement was noticed in the ma-
jority of these pupils. Miss Mildred Thomas, from the
County Extension Service, gave a talk on nutrition to all
teachers in December, which will be followed by four
demonstration and nutrition talks for parents to be given
in the High School Domestic Science room.
Classrooms were watched for colds and contagious dis-
eases and everything possible was done to prevent the
spread of these, each teacher reporting any suspicious cases.
Many homes were visited where children were absent three
or more days, watching out for contagious disease or for
any other cause keeping pupils from attending school regu-
larly. Despite all the watchfulness of the School Physician,
the Nurse and the teachers an unusually large number of
cases of scarlet fever developed here in town during the
first part of March. Fortunately most of the cases were
light, but the Board of Health deemed it wise to close the
elementary schools and as a result the first six grades lost
seven and one-half days.
There was a very good response to the protection of chil-
dren against diphtheria, 205 pupils receiving the immuni-
zation treatment and 110 pupils immunized in 1931 being
tested, six of these being given further treatment.
A pre-school clinic was held in June for all pupils en-
tering school the following September. Thirty-seven chil-
dren received a physical examination and were weighed
and measured to determine their normal weight. All de-
fects were recorded. As a result of this, through the Child
Health Committee, practically all necessary dental work
was eared for and many enlarged or diseased tonsils were
removed. Advice was given and many visits made.
Child Health Day was celebrated as usual in June at
Forbes Field to demonstrate the health and physical work
carried on throughout the year. In connection with the
program 188 Teeth Tags, 423 Improvement Tags and 95
Physically Fit Tags were given to children who had ful-
filled the requirements set by the state.
VIOLET B. WYNOTT,
Report of Department of Physical Education
The year 1932 with its necessary program of rigid econ-
omy and retrenchment has passed. The effect upon the
department of Physical Education, while noticeable, has
by no means been marked. By wise and careful admini-
stration our program has been carried on with practically
no ill effects. We have definitely curtailed expenditures
in our department. Less equipment has been purchased,
smaller guarantees (where guarantees were necessary) were
paid, and officials' fees have been reduced considerably.
We have continued to follow the policy of mass instruc-
tion and participation, against the old idea of a specialized
selected group receiving the benefits and enjoyments of our
Physical Education program. We are heartily in accord
with the State Department of Physical Education which
maintains that all so called Varsity teams should be the cul-
mination of athletics and competition for all students.
Gang, group, or team consciousness is inherent in the
psychology of the adolescent boy and girl. Each one in-
stinctively aspires to be a member of an organization, par-
ticularly in athletic associations. Therefore it would be
most unjust to this mass of boys and girls to segregate a
special varsity group to receive the benefits of special train-
ing and equipment. Our program calls for group or team
participation for every student in the Junior-Senior High
It is to be regretted that the inestimable benefits of group
play, such as cooperation, sportsmanship, leadership, loy-
alty, subordination of self to a cause, and many others,
cannot be measured in a mathematical manner. However,
we do know that dividends in better citizenship are the re-
sults of an all-extensive program.
Recently I conducted a questionaire among the Junior
and Senior High School boys relative to the advisability of
continuing definite team competition in gymnasium class
work. There was no compulsion, the students being not
even required to sign their names. From more than 200
questionaires turned. in, not a single boy wished to discon-
tinue team games for all.
The work at the Eli "Whitney School has been improved
greatly by the removal of many dangerous projecting stones
on the playing surface. This project was carried on and
financed by the Unemployment Committee. In addition,
the installation of six climbing ropes and a horizontal lad-
der has greatly relieved the congestion of large classes in
the small gymnasium. The value of hanging exercises is
recognized by all authorities on posture work. The reno-
vation of the toilet facilities in the graded schools has been
a progressive step toward health and sanitation.
The Westboro Kiwanis Club has made a start toward
reconditioning the old high school grounds as a play field
for girls and younger boys. Through the cooperation of/
the Highway Department and the Unemployment Commits
tee several dangerous stones have been removed and some
grading started. Soccer goals and volley ball posts have
been installed. Already the field has been used extensive-
ly. The Community Tennis Courts were also used by the
High School girls for a fall tennis tournament. It is
planned to conduct annually a girls' tournament both in
the fall and spring. About 25 girls participated.
During the 1932 basketball season the girls' program was
enlarged somewhat. Representative class teams played five
games with class teams from other schools. Then at the
close of the season a girls' varsity team was picked and
two games with Northboro High were played. Under the
direction of Miss Stead a school pyramid team of 25 girls
staged several exhibitions, locally and in Worcester at the
South High School exhibition of the Worcester County Wo-
man's Physical Education Club.
A new plan for financing the high school athletics was
tried out, namely a two day "Fun Frolic." This was a
carnival type of entertainment consisting of a movie show,
vaudeville acts, puppet shows, circus and sideshows and
was climaxed with a dance. The "Frolic" netted over
HAROLD F. FISHER,
Director of Physical Education.
Report of Music Supervisor
The music department, in its material and plans, aims to
realize the ideals of leading authorities in music and peda-
gogy. The books used contain song material of the best to
be found in the libraries of Europe and America, together
with original songs by the foremost living composers. A
great deal of attention is given to the singing of Folk Songs.
In the lower grades the lessons begin with the singing of
songs whose rhythm and words appeal to little children.
New interval work is presented in three ways; — by repre-
sentation, by imitation and by dictation. By the end of
the second year the children are ready to handle books.
The work of the intermediate grades is varied and interest-
ing, because it is during this period that the more; intricate
types of time are presented. Two and three part singing
always interest the children. Appreciation of music is
never lost sight of. Sweetness and clarity of tone are ever
The classes have contributed as usual to the special pro-
grams this year. In February, the eighth grade chorus
sang the cantata ' ' George Washington, ' ' in connection with
the general celebration by the schools. Music was furnished
for graduation by the senior class itself. A group of
twenty-three pupils, largely freshmen, is enjoying a sing-
ing period on Friday afternoons this year. This group
sang at a Woman's Club meeting in November.
The cooperation on the part of the teachers is, as form-
erly, greatly appreciated.
FRANCES LOUISE ANDREWS,
Report of Drawing Supervisor
The drawing this year follows the same aims and out-
lines as the year preceding. There has been no change of
schedule. Class numbers remain about the same, but ma-
terials have been more limited. The only possible advance-
ment must be in quantity and technique of production.
Contacts have been made for outside exhibitions by
which the work of both pupils and professionals may be
brought in and it is hoped these opportunities can be fol-
lowed through. These exhibits bring in changes and de-
velopment of ideas in a smaller way along the lines of
museums in the cities. At present we are in touch with
an international group centered in Chicago who are bring-
ing in products of foreign schools in art work. Last year
an exhibition from schools in Prague and Czecho-slovakia
was loaned me. This year oil paintings by Gordon Harris,
a newly heard from Providence painter, were shown in the
high school art corner. These outside contacts still have
to be personal loans.
Progress must be slow in the daily work because of the
limitationas of material and equipment. When economies
are not so necessary we can begin to do something more
outstanding, as there is considerable ability and talent to
The town in general could build up a very interesting
arts and crafts group of people in and out of school circles.
A group of this sort would reflect back on the schools and
would be of great benefit.
( During American Education Week an exhibit of the
work done in all the grades was shown in the high school
and was viewed with interest by many visitors.
It is hoped we may not be seriously retarded in our art
work even if advancement must slow up a little for the
MEMBERSHIP BY GRADES FOR MONTH ENDING
DEC. 31, 1932
Senior High School
Boys Girls Totals
Seniors 18 28 46
Juniors 26 20 46
Sophomores 32 28 60
Freshmen 40 40 80
Post Graduates 4 6 10
Totals — Senior High School 120 122 242
Junior High School
Boys Girls Totals
Grade 8 43 35 78
Grade 7 37 42 79
Totals — Junior High School 80 77 157
Boys Girls Totals
Grade 6 41 37 78
Grade 5 30 37 67
Grade 4 34 31 65
Grade 3 40 39 79
Grade 2 33 32 65
Grade 1 48 39 87
Special Class 10 2 12
Totals — Elementary Schools 236 217 453
Totals — All Schools 436 416 852
COMPARATIVE MEMBERSHIP TABLE
December 31, 1922 750
December 31, 1923 767
December 31, 1924 793
December 31, 1925 806
December 31, 1926 831
December 31, 1927 841
December 31, 1928 852
December 31, 1929 835
December 31, 1930 848
December 31, 1931 826
December 31, 1932 852
Increase over last year 26
GROWTH IN SCHOOL MEMBERSHIP 1923-1932
Senior High School — Increase 155 to 242 56%
Junior High School — Increase 145 to 157 8.2%
Elementary Schools — Decrease 467 to 453 3%
SCHOOL EXPENDITURES FOR 193 2
Salaries for Instruction 67.6%
Supt. of Schools, salary and other expenses 3.3%
Stationery and Supplies 2.1%
Fuel , 2.5%
Miscellaneous Operating Expenses 2.1%
New Equipment 9%
Miscellaneous Expenses 3 %
Library 9 %
School Committee Expenses 6%
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DISTRIBUTION OF HIGH SCHOOL PUPILS BYi SUBJECTS
Fresh. Soph. Jr. Sr. P. G. Totals
English i 75 65 51 47 238
Latin 13 11 3
French 39 26
General Science 67
Biology 3 6
U. S. History 5
Modern History 1 35
Community Civics . 3 1
Ancient History 29 2
Elem. Algebra 33 2
Plane Geometry 15 1
General Math 11 2 2
Commercial Law... 16
Commercial Arith 23 4
Commercial Geog 3 2 6
Household Arts 15
Sewing 4 3
Ad. Mech. Drawing ... 5 5
Man. Tr. — Mech. Dr 11 1
DISTRIBUTION OF HIGH SCHOOL PUPILS BY COURSES
College 30 15
General 29 20
Commercial 22 26
Totals 81 61 51 47 240
School Census October 1 , 1 932
Number of boys between the ages of 5 and 7 years 78
Number of girls between the ages of 5 and 7 years 74
Number of boys between the ages of 7 and 14 years 246
Number of girls between the ages of 7 and 14 years 242
Number of boys between the ages of 14 and 16 years... 7]
Number of girls between the ages of 1 4 and 16 years ... 7 5
Total 146 (
Number of boys between the ages of 5 and 16 years 3 95
Number of girls between the ages of 5 and 16 years 391
Number of employment certificates issued. 4
Number of persons to whom issued 4
Number of educational certificates issued 45
Number of persons to whom issued 44
Total number of certificates issued 49
Total number of persons receiving certificates 48
ATTENDANCE OFFICER'S REPORT
Number of cases of absence investigated 41
Number of cases of truancy 14
Graduation Class of 1 932
CLASS OF 1932
WESTBOROUGH HIGH SCHOOL
Thursday Evening, June 16, 1932, at 8 o'clock
Processional — Hail, Columbia !
High School Orchestra
The Program Theme
Elmer Martin Bliss, Jr.
Elizabeth Ingersoll Waite
Recitation — The Character of Washington - Webster
Roger Walton Bruce
Essay — Life at Mt. Vernon
Margaret Norma Kalenian
Essay — Debunking Washington
George Howard Allen
Selection — The Father of His Country - - Bagley
Senior Class Chorus and Orchestra
Essay— A Diary of 1789
Elizabeth Atkinson Smith
Recitation — Eulogy on George Washington - - Lee
Howard Walker Fenno
Recitation — Washington,the Nation Builder
Elizabeth Emma Jackson
Elizabeth Ingersoll Waite
Presentation of Diplomas
Dr. Charles H. Reed, Chairman, School Committee
Awards — Washington and Franklin Medal
American Legion Medals
Woman's Club Scholarship
Prentice Sherman Green
Presentation of Gifts to the School
Class of 1932 - Elmer Martin Bliss, Jr.
The Oriel - - Elizabeth Emma Jackson
Recessional Chorus — Hail, Columbia!
Senior Class and Orchestra
George Howard Allen Margaret Parks Judson
Elmer Martin Bliss, Jr. Margaret Norma Kalenian
Paul Dearing Blois Catherine Alice Kane
Mary Catherine Brown Ralph Harold Knott
Thomas Leo Brown Maurice W. Maddocks
Roger Walton Bruce Herve Joseph Mailloux
Yiola Elizabeth Chamberlain Marie Isabelle McCarthy
Carroll Vaugl^n DeWolf
Edith C. Duckworth
Betty Farrington Elliott
Iva Jane Enman
Howard Walker Fenno
Harriett Marie Frazier
Lucy Elvera Gates
Margaret Adelaide Gleason
Doris Leonora Granda
Prentice Sherman Green
Margaret Agnes Haley
Daniel Francis Harrington
Alma Lucile Harvey
Gordon Luther Herring
Kenneth Leaman Hulbert
Robert Wendell Humes
Elizabeth Emma Jackson
Clayton Myron Johnson
Henry Albert McMahon
Edla Marian Mclntire
Charles Henry Mead
Edward Joseph Nelpi
Florence Elizabeth Nichols
Philip M. Robinson
Iona Elizabeth Sanborn
Elizabeth Atkinson Smith
George Anthony Smith
Helen Elizabeth Smith
John Joseph Smith, Jr.
, Jr. Robert William Trull
Robert Bruce Tufts
Edward Lewis Uhlman
Elizabeth Ingersoll Waite
Louise Frances Webster
Barbara Lois Whitney
Gladys Minerva Whitney
(Those who have obtained A or B in at least 12
of the 16 points required for graduation)
First Honors — Howard Walker Fenno
Second Honors — Margaret Norma Kalenian
Third Honors — Roger Walton Bruce
George Howard Allen Elizabeth Emma Jackson
Viola Elizabeth Chamberlain Margaret Parks Judson
Doris Leonora Granda
Alma Lucile Harvey
Kenneth Leaman Hulbert
Robert Wendell Humes
Edward Joseph Nelpi
Elizabeth Atkinson Smith
Helen Elizabeth Smith
Elizabeth Ingersoll Waite
Elmer Martin Bliss, Jr., President
Elizabeth Emma Jackson, Vice President
Elizabeth Ingersoll Waite, Secretary
Edward Lewis Uhlman, Treasurer
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